I need a 150 word (meaningful) reply to the following classmate’s forum:
There is currently a bill tied up in litigation on the Senate floor. It is known as House Resolution 2578, Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2016 (congress.gov). It is basically intended to increase funding for the next fiscal year for the Department of Justice and its agencies to combat all crime, including violence and cyberterrorism, with some provisions to advance science and nature conservation. It has 196 amendments that have been debated for more than a year now.
H.R. 2578 was introduced on 27 May 2015 (congress.gov). Its sponsor is Representative John Culberson, a Republican from Texas. The proper process for a bill is to be assigned to a committee, then a subcommittee before being passed to the House Rules committee for decisions on rules of debating and amending the bill (Lenz, 2013, p. 66). This bill was assigned to the House Appropriations Committee and submitted with resolutions directly to the rules committee. Then it was assigned to the Committee of the Whole House, which was assigned a chairman. This whole process took less than a week. Then all night and all day for the next 24 hours, debates were held on every amendment and provision by those who would be affected.
Five days after H.R. 2578 cleared the House of Representatives, it was introduced to the Senate. There it would be put on the Senate’s legislative calendar for an entire year before it would begin considerations (congress.gov). For the past couple weeks, the bill has been in the processes of debates and cloture votes on further Senate amendments and appropriations. Currently, the bill has been sent back to the Senate Committee of Appropriations for two weeks. From here, the bill with all its House and Senate amendments and provisions will be sent to a Conference committee where the final draft of the bill will be agreed upon by both chambers (Lenz, 2013, p. 67). This final bill will be put up against one final vote by both House and Senate. If it’s passed, it will be sent to President Obama for either signature or veto. If the president vetoes the bill, both chambers of Congress will have to override the veto with a two-thirds majority.